South Africa vows to treat all babies with HIV

South Africa vows to treat all babies with HIV

South Africa vows to treat all babies with HIV
A child at Nkosi's Haven, a shelter for Aids victims in Johannesburg
Many thousands of South African children are now Aids orphans

All South African babies under the age of one will be treated if they test HIV-positive, President Jacob Zuma has announced in a major policy overhaul.

In a speech to mark World Aids Day, he promised more anti-retrovirals - drugs the previous government said were too expensive and potentially harmful.

And he announced he was preparing to take an HIV test himself.

Each year 59,000 babies are born with HIV in a country where 5.5 million people live with the virus.

South Africa is the nation with the highest number of people living with HIV.

Mr Zuma's speech is a marked departure from Mr Mbeki, whose government denied the link between HIV and Aids.

Mr Mbeki's critics have accused him of causing about 300,000 deaths by not rolling out anti-retroviral drugs to people with HIV quickly enough.

His government's statements on HIV and Aids and its suggestion that anti-retrovirals could be poisonous contradicted the advice of the world's major health organisations.

'Era of openness'

Currently, treatment is available in South Africa only for people whose immunity levels have been significantly reduced by HIV.

Mr Zuma announced in his speech that the drugs would be available more widely to children and pregnant women.

Pumza Fihlani
Pumza Fihlani
BBC News, Johannesburg

The Pretoria Showgrounds were packed with hundreds of people eager to hear what Mr Zuma would say on Aids. South Africans cannot help but compare what they see as Mr Zuma's "openess" about HIV/Aids with Thabo Mbeki's "denialism".

Mr Zuma's policy has been applauded by politicians and Aids campaigners alike, who say his stance shows real a determination.

A lot of support seems to have rallied behind Mr Zuma so the question for many will be: "Is this the beginning of a new era for South Africa?"

Mr Zuma has promised to deliver on his promises by April 2010. Whether he retains his new support base will be determined by whether he meets this self-imposed deadline.
The children who head families

He described it as the start of "an era of openness" and urged South Africans to take responsibility for themselves.

"I am making arrangements for my own test," he told crowds in Pretoria.

"I have taken HIV tests before, and I know my status. I will do another test soon as part of this new campaign. I urge you to start planning for your own tests."

He said the measures would come into force in April next year.

South Africa already runs the world's largest anti-retroviral programme but analysts say almost one million people still go without treatment.

The US has announced it will give $120m (£73m) to help South Africa buy more anti-retrovirals, in response to a request from Pretoria.

The rate of HIV infection in the country has levelled out - with no increase in the number of people contracting the virus each year.

But health campaigners are warning that the number of Aids-related deaths is set to rise significantly in the next five years, as the illness takes effect on those who have had it for a long time.

South African charities warned this week that 5.7 million children - a third of all the country's children - could lose one or both parents to Aids by 2015.

Currently there are 1.4 million Aids orphans in the country. Meshack Maganga
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